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tv   John Fremonts Oregon Expedition  CSPAN  August 3, 2014 2:44pm-2:59pm EDT

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into test flight section. one of the airplanes that i worked on was 995. my cousin saw it in air force magazine. he saw the restoration job with a picture of the general standing in the gun bay door right there. when i saw it, it sounded so familiar to me. i went to a box of papers i had and came up with the 1962 inventory list and this airplane was on it. so i got all excited because i just absolutely loved the f-100. i worked on a lot of airplanes but the f-100 has been a true love my whole life. as bad as that looks, that airplane as beautiful as it has ever been. it just always was. when they put this in the museum, it will be the showstopper for the whole thing. i'm sure this will be the center of attraction. through all of the education per
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experimentation and the evolving the aviation and the engines and the evolving of arrow aerodynamics. a major part of it is this thing right here. this is the first operational supersonic airplane. this is the first airplane that can fly and break the sound bar barrier. that is pant in aviation. in order to get to mock 2 you have to get to mock 1. there is your mock 1 right there. i wish i could intellectually come together with how me and this airplane arrived here partnership send 34 years in the military. i don't remember a day i didn't want to go to work. it was because of this kind of equipment and the people i
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worked with that made it such a rewarding experience for me. so my thrill right now is to be able to present an airplane that i have such a relationship with as i said, my titanium mistress that i can share with others and let them see what the airplane did. for all the people who designed it and manufactured it and made it available to the american war fighter is a story we ought to be proud of. >> all weekend on american history tv we're featuring historic sites and local historians from cities across america. these are highlights from c-span's 2014 cities tour. see the schedule of where we've been and watch video from all of our stops at
2:47 pm >> photographer lawyer rent loren irvinging photo graphed two of the camps located near bend. >> i do land scape photography but what make this is different is sometimes the writing in the journal is so precise and well described that i can find characteristics of locations in that he writes in the journal. i try to capture that on the film. it is different if you're were just trying to make nice landscape shots. i'm trying to incorporate things in the images that are described in the journal. so in late may of 1843, the
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expedition left west port, which is near kansas city now. it went along what is now the oregon trail. he mapped the oregon trail in order to make it appear and be feasible for others to go on the oregon trail and come up into the oregon territory and settle in this part of the country. doug fremont was a young man that grew up in south carolina. he went to school at charleston college. he also married the daughter of a very powerful senator thomas hart benton. it is that connection, benten, benton helped his son-in-law get this job. when will came threw he was 30
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years old. pretty young man to lead a sizeable expedition. this expedition consisted of 104 horses and mules and cattle they were bring eight long to feed and 25 men including kid carson and thomas fitzpatrick and charles price. the primary reason of mapping this oregon trail and providing the detail it takes to get out here on a wagon was to populate washington and oregon so the population would be such that we would not have a military conflict with the british. they were pretty well encamped here with the hudson bay company. there were designs by the british to have this territory. congress was interested in claiming this part of the
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northwest. in the november of 1843, after he had done his mission here, accomplished his work, he makes a decision not to stay there not to stay there for the winter but makes a decision to move south. they started on november 25 1843. they came south and they went through here and indian head canyon camp and down to seeks junction camp and where we are after being at the turnout camp where we are right now is near bend. after passing through several miles, the trail entered a beautiful pine forest for which we traveled for several hours.
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about 4:00, descended into the valley on another large branch of where there are spaces of open pines and occasional meadows of good grass and we camped. the valley is swift and deep and half frozen over. among the timber is 140 feet and three feet in diameter. we had a rare sight of a lunar rainbow. john fremont came upon this site on december 4, 1843. after coming in from the north in this little kind of canyon here with the creek behind us, the expedition camped here for one night. they had cattle they were bringing with them and along with them they had 104 horses and mules. by this time they were using a
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tepee. if you had come -- there was 25 men as well plus two american indian guides. if you would have come through here on that day in the afternoon at least you would have seen them putting up a tepee, several fires getting started, take all of the stuff all of the material that used for surveying out of the packs. fremont was busy getting -- writing in his journal and getting his equipment out to hopefully have the weather be such that he could get a latitude and longitude reading at night. when he was successful he was using a telescope and timing a particular moon going around jupiter. so he had to have pretty good equipment in order to do that. at the time e was doing the
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work, he was likely on his horse and out where he could see, for instance from around down into this canyon and do his drawings and sketches of the map of what he could see. the expeditions as far as i could read in the journals, would start each day moving out of the camp at about 10:00 maybe 11:00. it took a long time. during that time fitzpatrick and carson were likely they were out in front to find a good route. when they arrived and saw it for the first time it was on the day of december 5, 1843. it had been a few mile was from them but they hadn't seen it
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yet. as a matter of fact, when they saw it they hit it where there is a huge amount of lava activity geologically and there are at about lot of falls and rapids. where we're going right now is we're going to go into a place called dylan falls and this is by ryan ranch. we'll get a chance to see that here. today the country was alpine forest and beautiful weather made our journey delightful. it was too warm at noon for winter clothes and snow was melting rapidly. after a few hours ride we came upon the stream, stream, which proved to be the pine river. the water is very clear and frequently deep. we ascrended along the river that formed sheets of forming
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cascades. the banks blackened with rock and found an open bottom, which had been an old camping ground for the indians. we never traveled through a country where the rivers were so abounding and falls. the name of this stream is characteristic. at every place we come in the river is heard of the roaring of the falls. so this is a place -- this is the first initial falls right here. let's walk down so we can get a look at what is going on. he talks about in his journal and as you look at this you can see what he is talking about and particularly down below a little
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bit. we can see what he is talking about. let's get closer to see how it appeals to you. i don't think it has changed any since he was here. there is not much erosion of the lava. this is the first big picture and i think it is cool that he writes about it in his journal and we can be here in a place where fremont was 177 years ago. this is the da chutes river and in his journal he calls the fall river. it is one of the few rivers that
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flows from the south to the north but it does that. this is the same river that flows through bend and makes mirror pond and what we're known for in bend. charles also talks about the number of falls that they were in. we're in the upper end of dylan falls and they can't go to the end of this. it is 200-300 yards around that is called ryan ranch. it was in this clearing that fremont's expedition camped the night of december 5. at some point john fremont discovered a hole in the rocks
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and the water was gaining and he said at the time it was almost a small stream. it was draining into the lava rocks. he made a notation of that but i think it is the wrong spelling because the french spelling has no t in it. he made a comment that long ago and that hole is still here. this is also where john fremont made a comment in his journal that they located, they happened to see a set of lodge poles poles for tepee. we found here a handsome set leaning against the trees, very white and plainly scraped. ed that owners been here we would have purchased them but had they not we left the old


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